With the rapid growth of the new energy vehicle financial market, the recycling technology of a large number of used power batteries has become an issue with a non-negligible impact.
Over the past 10 years, the number of used batteries has grown exponentially and is expected to reach nearly 500,000 tons by 2025, but there is still a huge gap between the recycling capacity and the rate of battery production.
Calculated according to the average lifespan of power batteries of 5-8 years,best lithium ion battery machine company the battery storage equipment used in the first generation of new energy vehicles is nearing obsolescence. The convenient use of new energy batteries to promote the rapid development of the new energy vehicle industry, but still faces many challenges in raw materials and recycling.
the challenges facing the development of the battery industry
1. Raw material supply and demand dilemma
With the rapid development of the power battery market,equipment for lithium battery assembly it is crucial to ensure a stable supply of raw materials. Lithium, cobalt and nickel are the three most critical metal elements in battery materials. However, the supply of new minerals can't catch up with the fast-growing demand for batteries, leading to the price increase of these metal raw materials and shortage of resources, which seriously restricts the development of the battery industry.
2. Dilemma of waste battery disposal
The existing waste battery recycling management system is not sound. New energy vehicle technology industry is currently used more "from the cradle to the grave" of the open-loop production and operation mode, if not properly disposed of waste power batteries, ecological protection of the environment, the continuous development of the economy and socialist governance will have an adverse impact.
3. Battery recycling technology dilemma
Battery recycling treatment technology needs to be improved. The power battery recycling process also has problems such as low recovery rate, unclear application scenarios, and unsmooth processes. Therefore, it is a technical difficulty to combine the existing recycling methods with the battery gradient utilization to improve the dismantling efficiency of the battery and the comprehensive utilization of resources.
the existing battery recycling mode
According to the different recycling main body, there are four main modes of waste battery recycling at present:.
1. Battery manufacturer recycling
In the waste battery recycling network, manufacturers can complete the recycling process by establishing their own recycling network; they can also cooperate with other companies in the supply chain to transform the forward logistics network into a reverse recycling network, forming a closed loop recycling.
2. Recycling by New Energy Vehicle Companies
New energy vehicle companies utilize their existing sales and distribution networks to set up recycling service stations such as automobile sales stations, 4S stores, after-sales service stations, etc., or set up specialized recycling service stations to recycle batteries and transfer the recycled batteries to regular dismantling enterprises.
3. Third-party recycling
In this mode, the manufacturer commissions a professional third party to be responsible for the recycling of used power batteries. The manufacturer calculates the service fee based on the number and type of batteries returned by the manufacturer and pays it to the third-party company. This model can transfer the responsibility and risk of recycling to the third party company, so it is more suitable for small manufacturers.
4.Industry Alliance Recycling
The industry alliance recycling model is an alliance formed by power battery manufacturers, electric vehicle manufacturers or battery leasing companies in the industry to carry out battery recycling. During the recycling process, members of the sales and service network combine to form a closed-loop recycling network to achieve centralized recycling of used batteries. Compared with a single manufacturer or retailer, the industry alliance can divide up the work according to their respective strengths, ensuring the integrity of the entire recycling industry chain.