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03 JUN

The Transformation Timeline: From Actinic Keratosis to Squamous Cell Carcinoma

  • Health Fitness
  • Zoey
  • Jun 18,2024
  • 1
The Transformation Timeline: From Actinic Keratosis to Squamous Cell Carcinoma

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Actinic keratoses (AKs), characterized as intraepidermal skin tumors, are known to harbor the potential to evolve into squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). In the United States, SCCs emerge as the second most prevalent form of cancer, with over 200,000 new cases reported annually. It is estimated that a tenth of all AKs will undergo this transformation, a process largely attributed to ongoing exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation from the sun.

The objective of this study is to shed light on the progression timeline of AKs into SCCs, thereby equipping medical professionals with enhanced knowledge to assess and manage these precancerous conditions more effectively.

Methodology

This investigation involved a retrospective analysis of electronic medical records, focusing on patients who were histopathologically diagnosed with SCC between the dates of July 1, 2003, and June 30, 2005.

Findings

The study encompassed a total of 6,691 patients, among whom 91 had a confirmed prior diagnosis of AK at the same site as their subsequent SCC. The average duration for AK to develop into SCC was calculated to be 24.6 months, with a 95% confidence interval of 21.04 to 28.16 months.

While the study calls for a more rigorous in vivo examination to confirm these findings, the data obtained offer a valuable estimate of the typical progression period from AK to SCC. In essence, it is estimated that 10% of AKs will transform into SCCs within a timeframe of roughly two years.

This study underscores the importance of proactive monitoring and early intervention for AKs to prevent their potential progression to SCCs. By understanding the timeline of this transformation, dermatologists can better counsel patients on the need for regular skin examinations and the significance of prompt treatment to avert the development of skin cancer.