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- 5G industrialization use into the fast lane, what challenges are still facing in the future?
In the high-end lighthouse factory of Jiumu in Nan'an City, Fujian Province, the robotic arm is working on the assembly line. All industrial equipment in the workshop of this factory is controlled by the use of 5G, completing the human-machine collaboration in the production line and increasing the production efficiency by 26%.
5G as the base of the new infrastructure, is empowering thousands of industries, into the key support of the digital economy.
It has been one year since the implementation of the 5G application "sail" plan. The latest data released by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology shows that by the end of May, 1.7 million 5G base stations had been built and opened across all cities, counties, urban areas and 92% of towns and cities, with more than 12 5G base stations per 10,000 people. 5G cell phone users reached 428 million households.
In addition, 5G provides new opportunities for digital transformation of thousands of industries. 5G application covers 40 major categories of social economy and is widely used in more than 200 smart mines, more than 1,000 smartlpwa solutions factories, more than 180 smart grids, 89 ports, and more than 600 tertiary hospital projects nationwide.
The construction of virtual private networks in the 5G field was accelerated, from 1,655 in July of the previous year to 6,518, an increase of nearly three times, and the capacity of service industry development was significantly enhanced. Localities increased 5G utilization policy provision, using methods such as building innovation platforms, increasing financial support and promoting classic cases, together promoting 5G utilization to step into the fast lane.
According to calculations by the China Academy of Information and Communication Research, 5G will directly drive total economic output of 1.3 trillion in 2021 and directly promote economic added value of about 300 billion yuan, turning into a key engine to drive a new round of economic development. By 2025, the cumulative investment in China's 5G network construction will reach 1.2 trillion, which will cumulatively drive relevant investment beyond 3.5 trillion, directly create more than 3 million jobs, drive more than 8 trillion in emerging consumption, and generate a trillion-dollar market for 5G-related products and services.
On July 12, 2021, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, in collaboration with the Central Internet Information Office, the National Development and Reform Commission and other nine units issued the "5G application "sail" action plan (2021-2023)", a clear plan for the development of 5G in the next three years, from the specification system construction, industrial foundation strengthening
The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology indicates that over the past year, the breadth and depth of China's 5G network coverage has continued to expand, and the use of 5G has continued to go deeper and deeper, playing an important role in stabilizing investment, strengthening industry, promoting consumption, and helping upgrade, and injecting strong momentum to empower the digital transformation of the manufacturing industry, improve the toughness of the industrial chain supply chain, and promote high-quality economic development.
However, in terms of development level, the use of 5G in most fields is still at the stage of technology verification and scenario exploration, and the future development of 5G deeper into the industry still faces numerous challenges.
Chen Zhaoxiong, former Vice Minister of Industry and Information Technology, previously stated that the first 5G challenge lies in the fact that the basic informatization of each vertical industry is uneven, with different development paths, and there are common problems such as normative interoperability, which objectively produce a certain combination of barriers. Secondly, industrialized network facilities are the basis and prerequisite for promoting the popularization of 5G applications, and it is urgent to comprehensively accelerate the construction of 5G network infrastructure, accelerate the soundness of the independent group network industry ecology, accelerate the deployment and use of networks in vertical fields, and complete priority coverage of 5G networks in key industries.
The deputy director of the 5G Application Innovation Center of the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology, Du Jia, analyzed that the combination of 5G and the field is currently facing "three major problems" challenges, namely the basic differences in the field of intelligence, the difference in application requirements, and the difficulty of combining and transforming. Therefore, according to the different basic and change requirements of the field, the rhythm of 5G combination and the promotion of countermeasures should be customized and the method of categorization should be chosen.
The "White Paper on Urban Digital Economy Development Practices" jointly released by the China Academy of Information and Communication Research and Jingdong Technology on July 13 shows that currently, China's industry leading enterprises have achieved "sailing again" according to digital transformation, while many small and medium-sized enterprises are still in the basic exploration stage of digital transformation. More than 55% of companies in China have not completed the basic digital transformation of equipment, and most of the companies carrying out digital transformation are basically in the "cloud" stage, with insufficient promotion of deep business "intelligence with data".
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