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03 JUN

Unveiling the Multidimensional Utility of N-Acetylneuraminic Acid

  • Life Style
  • Aviva
  • Jun 11,2024
  • 1

N-acetylneuraminic acid (sialic acid),dha algae oil supplier,Nutrition and health functional ingredients

Abstract

N-acetylneuraminic acid (sialic acid), a fundamental component of cell surface glycans, holds a myriad of physiological roles. Recognized for its terminal position in various glycoconjugates, sialic acid is a cornerstone in the food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical sectors. This review delves into the physiological roles of sialic acid, its safety and regulatory landscape, and its applications. We also explore the biosynthetic pathways of sialic acid, including enzymatic and microbial methods, and address the challenges and strategies for its industrial-scale production.

Introduction to the Versatility of sialic acid

sialic acid, a nine-carbon α-keto acid sugar, is renowned for its terminal presence in cell surface glycans. Its structural complexity and functional diversity contribute to a plethora of biological activities, such as antiviral and immunomodulatory effects, and benefits for brain health and skin.

Physiological Roles of sialic acid

As the predominant form of Sia, sialic acid is pervasive in organisms ranging from viruses to humans, with a notable abundance in human milk. It plays a pivotal role in brain development, immune function, and has been implicated in cancer treatment and antiviral mechanisms.

Applications and Regulatory Status of sialic acid

The broad applications of sialic acid extend from therapeutics to food supplements. Clinical studies affirm its safety and tolerability, and it is a crucial ingredient in anti-influenza drugs, highlighting its potential in targeted cancer therapies.

Biosynthesis of sialic acid: An Environmentally Friendly Approach

The large-scale production of sialic acid is facilitated by biosynthesis, an environmentally benign method. This review examines the enzyme-catalyzed preparation, whole-cell biocatalysis, and microbial de novo synthesis of sialic acid, providing a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in this domain.

Challenges and Strategies in sialic acid Biosynthesis

Key challenges in the de novo biosynthesis of sialic acid include enzyme engineering, identification of intermediate exporters, and balancing cell growth with biosynthesis. We propose strategies to surmount these obstacles and enhance the metabolic engineering of sialic acid production.

dha algae oil supplier and the Quest for Health-Enhancing Ingredients

As a DHA Algae Oil Supplier, there is a commitment to sourcing Nutrition and health functional ingredients. sialic acid, with its established physiological roles and safety profile, represents an ingredient of interest for the development of health-promoting products.

sialic acid's Expanding Horizons

The exploration of sialic acid reveals its expanding horizons in research and industry. From its physiological roles to its biosynthetic pathways, sialic acid is a dynamic component of modern science and a promising candidate for future health and therapeutic innovations.